Sensory testing has already been used to (2) how consumers are affected by the colors in packaging.
It was found that increasing the amount of yellow on cans of lemonade (3) people; they could taste more lemon.
(4) the researchers are also helping brands to produce healthier food by making reductions in the salt and sugar they contain.
If this is done (5) , customers don't notice the difference from one packet to the
(6) Their study of how we experience food has already provided some fascinating
(7) for chefs. The color of crockery, the weight of cutlery, background noise - these all control taste,
When I started cycling, I always wore a helmet, but after many years without really needing it's protection, I started to leave it behind - (10) because of vanity, rather because of the hassle of having to carry it once I’d parked my bike.
The cyclist's airbag fits round your neck a bit (11) a scarf.
It’s heavier than it looks, which I put down (12) the fact that it includes a device that prevents it from being activated unnecessarily.
In order to test it, I had to throw myself (13) the bike, head first.
In mid-air, moments (14) I landed on the floor, I heard a loud bang.
Then, (15) I was, lying next to my bicycle, wrapped in a firm white balloon.
It certainly worked well, but I'm not sure if it's good value (16) money, as it can only be used once. Maybe I should go back to my helmet.
It's a totally (18) (VOLUNTARY) response - just the sound of a laugh is enough to prompt it spreading.
It's no surprise, therefore, that recorded laughter is added to television sitcoms.
This laugh track (19) (COMPANY) the program,
in the absence of a live audience to stimulate laughter among the (20) (VIEW) at home.
Naturally, the likelihood of our laughing is much greater in social situations. Laughing with people brings the (21) (PLEASE) of feeling accepted by the group;
the only thing we have to be careful of is not to laugh (22) (APPROPRIATE) as that would destroy the positive group feeling.
Laughter can be a particularly informative measure of relationships because it's largely (23) (PLAN) and hard to fake.
As it's also a good guide to people’s innermost (24) (THINK) , learning how to “read” these would be a valuable life skill.
For questions 25-30, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between three and six words, including the word given.
Here is an example (0).
Example: (0) James would only speak to the head of department alone. (ON)
James ……………………………………………….. to the head of department alone.
The gap can be filled with the words “insisted on speaking”, so you write:
Example: (0) INSISTED ON SPEAKING
Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS in the table below the text.
25. I’ve never given this presentation before, Mary admitted. (FIRST)
Mary admitted that it was given that presentation.
You must answer this question. Write your answer in 220 – 260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet or in the space provided.
Your class has attended a panel discussion on facilities which should receive money from local authorities. You have made the notes below:
Write an essay discussing two of the facilities in your notes. You should explain which facility it is more important for local authorities to give money to, giving reasons in support of your answer.
You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion, but you should use your own words as far as possible.
Which facilities should receive money from local authorities?
Some opinions expressed in the discussion:
“Museums aren’t popular with everybody!”
“Sports centers mean healthier people.”
“A town needs green spaces – parks are great for everybody.”
You have just completed six months in a new job. In preparation for a progress meeting, you have been asked to write a report to your manager.
Your report should explain what you feel you have achieved in the job so far, describe any problems you have had and suggest any future training that would be suitable.
Write your report
You see the following announcement on a website, Great Lives:
Send us a review of a book or film that focuses on somebody who has made an important contribution to society.
Did you learn anything new about the person’s life from the book or film? Did the book or film help you understand why this person made their important contribution?
Write your report.
You have received a letter from an American friend:
My new job is great, and next month I get to travel on business. Guess what – I’m actually coming to your town for a week! I’ll be free some evenings and one weekend. I want to make the most of this opportunity, so I’d like your advice please: where to go, what to do, and why?
Write your letter in reply. You do not need to include postal addresses.
Write an answer to one of the Tasks 2 - 4 in this part. Write your answer in 220 - 260 words in an appropriate style on the separate answer sheet. Put the Task number at the beginning of your answer, so it is clearly marked.